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Why Did God Create the Heaven and Earth?

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

Genesis 1:1 NIV

Most people today acknowledge that the world we live in was created. It has not existed eternally. Nor did it come into existence all by itself. But it is the creation of a supernatural being. One that Christians identify as God.

But why did he create the universe and all it contains? What was his purpose in doing so? Many people over the years have pondered this question, myself included. And various answers have been given. But I find many of these answers to be troubling and unsatisfactory. What follows are my thoughts on this question.

The Nature of God

Any answer to the question of why God created needs to start with the nature of God. Who, and what, we understand him to be is going to color how we view what he does. So, what is God like?

The Christian God is by definition a maximally great being. This means that in every way he is as great as it is possible to be. Many of the attributes we use to describe God reference this maximal greatness. His is omnipotent, omniscience, omnipresent. He is also infinitely loving, morally perfect, and gracious.

God has no needs. If he did, then he would not be maximally great. In his own nature, he is lacking nothing. And nothing outside of himself has anything to offer him. From eternity past, and into eternity future, God was, is, and will be, perfect and fully complete.

Some Invalid Reasons for Creation

Many of the reasons I have heard people give for this question of why God created seem to imply a need on God’s part. Some would say that he needed / wanted someone to love. Others that he wanted someone to fellowship with. And still others that he created for his own glory.

But I find all of these less than satisfying. The triune God has existed through eternity in a perfect and loving fellowship. He does not need anyone to love. Nor does he need anyone to fellowship with. He has all of that perfectly within himself.

To bring glory to himself is not as clear. Creation does indeed glorify God. But that the creation does glorify him does not mean that is why he created. God has no needs. Including the need to be glorified. And, even though the creation glorifies God, I do not believe that increases his glory at all. A glory that was maximally great before the creation.

So Then, Why?

It seems clear, at least to me, that God did not create the universe for his own benefit. That would then imply that he created it for the benefit of someone else. And that would seem to be humanity. He created the universe for my benefit, even though I did not as yet exist.

I honestly have a hard time wrapping my head around that idea. But it is the conclusion I keep coming back to. God created this universe, and all it contains, simply so that I would have the opportunity to know him. To experience an eternal and intimate relationship with the infinite God.

We are comfortable with the idea that salvation is solely a matter of God’s grace. And the life that we now live as believers is enabled by his grace. But God’s graciousness toward us did not start on Calvary. It is found all the way back in Genesis 1:1 where we see recorded that God created the heavens and the earth.

Everything that God does for us, from creation to the end of eternity, is an act of grace on his part. Praise God for his indescribable grace (2 Cor. 9:14-15).


The views expressed here are solely mine and do not necessarily reflect those of any other person, group, or organization. While I believe they reflect the teachings of the Bible, I am a fallible human and subject to misunderstanding. Please feel free to leave any comments or questions about this post in the comments section below. I am always interested in your feedback.

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4 thoughts on “Why Did God Create the Heaven and Earth?”

    • I agree that it is challenging to understand. But if God has no needs, then creation could not be for his benefit. And so that leaves the creation, or something within it, as the beneficiaries of creation.

  1. Yes, I am dumbfounded on the subject as well. I do not see why God would create humanity for us when we did not ourselves know humanity would be because we did not exist, we were an idea, a creation a thought from his mind. So to me the question is still unanswered as of yet, but than you for your input.


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