The sovereignty of God, at least how it relates to human free will, is a challenging topic with a variety of ways that people understand it. Rather than rehashing what others say about this, I would like to briefly express what I have come to believe about the subject. I believe that God is sovereign, he is a ruler with absolute power and knowledge. As sovereign, he is answerable to no one, especially to his human creations. He made us, and he does not owe us an explanation for how or why he did so; as much as we might like one.
The ninth chapter of Romans is especially clear on God’s sovereignty; in particular as it concerns what he is doing with us. There are some that God has destined for glory, and others that he destined for destruction. And that destiny is not based on what we may, or may not, have done. It is solely based on his sovereignty. He chooses and rejects whom he wants to.
Is that fair? From a human perspective, maybe not. We would like to think that God would reward or punish us based on our actions. And typically our views of heaven and hell reflect that. Be good, and paradise awaits you. Be bad, and face eternal punishment. But God is not like us, and we err when we try and see him as such. God is much more than I can conceive of, and judging him according to human standards is ludicrous.
I do not profess to understand God’s purpose in creation. But I am reasonably certain that it was not so that he could have a heaven full of people to reward and hang out with for eternity. There certainly seems to be an easier way to accomplish that. Scripture tells us that, as believers, we are his children. And that seems to be not just for this life, but also in the future that awaits us. And if that is so, then God most likely chooses those who have the characteristics he wants, based on this life.
God is sovereign and can arbitrarily choose whoever he wants. But the Bible is clear that faith plays a role in the selection. While some see faith as something we do and lump it with ‘works’, the Bible pretty clearly distinguishes between the two (i.e. Romans 3:28). It seems that faith is what God wants; and all who will live a life of faith in him will be chosen.
Some will argue that God gives faith to those he wants, but that would seem to be at odds with the repeated calls for us to have faith; calls that seem to indicate some personal responsibility. It seems more in line with scripture to see faith as something that is natively within me. Besides, if God wants all of us to be saved, and he is responsible for supplying the faith, why doesn’t everyone have faith?
My faith however, does not obligate God in any fashion. He is sovereign, and if in his sovereignty he decides to select the faithful and reject everyone else, that is his right. In no way does my faith impinge on God’s sovereign choice, or force him to act on my behalf.
The views expressed here are solely mine and do not necessarily reflect those of any other person, group, or organization. While I believe they reflect the teachings of the Bible, I am a fallible human and subject to misunderstanding. Please feel free to leave any comments or questions about this post in the comments section below. I am always interested in your feedback.
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